Barons

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A

 

ACCURTI von KÖNIGSFELS (АККУРТИ-фон-КЕНИГСФЕЛЬС) - Germany
Austrian Empire: 19/31 May 1829 for Michael Accurti von Königsfels. Russia: (IC) 15 Apr. 1891 for Baron Wilhelm Michael Mikhailovich Accurti von Königsfels.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

ALBEDYHLL (АЛЬБЕДИЛЬ) - Italy
According to TN, this family originally came from Italy in the 14th century. Kingdom of Sweden: 2 Mar. 1720 (no. 183). Members of this family were later inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Esthonia, Livonia, and Curland. Baron Petr Romanovich Albedyhll was Grand Master of Ceremonies of the Imperial Court in the reign of Alexander I. It does not seem that this title was formally recognised in Russia, however.
Sources: TN

von ALFTHAN (фон-АЛЬФТАН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 10/22 Nov. 1886 for Georg (Georgii Antonovich) Alfthan; registered 16 Jan. 1888 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 57.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

ALOPEUS (АЛОПЕУС) - Poland
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 11 Nov. 1819 for Franciszek Dawid (David Maksimovich) Alopeus. He never made the formal request to have his title registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, probably because he was created a count of the Kingdom of Poland in 1820. Nevertheless, in 1826, he did request to maintain the right to be introduced, even though he had neglected to make said request within the time prescribed by Finnish law.
Sources: communication of Mr. Tito Gronow.

AMINOFF (АМИНОВ) - Russia
Kingdom of Sweden: 16/28 May 1808 for Johan Fredrik Aminoff. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 24 Apr./6 May 1812 for the same; registered 5/17 1818 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 25.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

ARAKCHEEV (АРАКЧЕЕВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 5 Apr. 1797 for Aleksei Andreevich Arakcheev. He was subsequently created a Count of the Russian Empire. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

ARMFELT (АРМФЕЛЬТ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 24 June / 5 July 1731 (no. 213) for Carl Gustav Armfelt. Grand Duchy of Finland: 18/30 Jan. 1818 - Baron August Filip and Baron Fredrik Armfelt registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 13. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

von ARPSHOFEN (АРПСГОФЕН) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 17/28 July 1791 for Karl Georg Arps. Arms (II): (IU) 8 May 1800 with mention that the family bears the title of baron of the Holy Roman Empire.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ASCH (фон-АШ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 6/17 Dec. 1762 for Friedrich (Fedor Ivanovich) von Asch (Frei- und Pannierherr). Russia: (IU) 11 Mar. 1763 for the same; confirmations: 15 June 1848.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ASCHEBERG (фон-АШЕБЕРГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 18 July 1634. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1800; confirmations*: 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ASCHEBERG-KETTLER (фон-АШЕБЕРГ-КЕТЛЕР) - G潥䜶㡓灘䬸杈偦歬㑬䅰䅌婃ermany
The now extinct family of von Kettler was inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 1743. In a LP of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Johann and Friedrich von Ascheberg-Kettler were qualified with the title of baron. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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B

 

BAGGE af BOO (БАГГЕ-аф-БОО) - Norway
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Pilten (later Curland), 1731. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1834. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BEHR (фон-БЭР) - Baltic Provinces
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1829. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 5 July 1854, 17 Dec. 1856, and 29 Oct. 1863.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BELLINGHAUSEN (БЕЛЛИНГСГАУЗЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 30 July/8 Aug. 1661 for Johann Eberhard von Bellingshausen. His descendants settled in Russia and were qualified with the title of baron in official acts. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855; confirmations: 20 Dec. 1876.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von zum BERGE (фон-цум-БЕРГЕ) -
Heinrich von zum Berge inscribed in the 3rd class of the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1835. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

BERGENHEIM (БЕРГЕНГЕЙМ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 1/12 Apr. 1879 for Edvard Ferdinand Bergenheim; registered 1883 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 54.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von BILDERLING (фон-БИЛЬДЕРЛИНГ) - Baltic Provinces
Recognition of their ancient noble status in Curland, 2 Aug. 1631, and subsequently inscribed in the registers of the nobility, 1634. Russia: (DS) 21 May 1903.
Sources: STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I

von BISTRAM (фон-БИСТРАМ) - Poland ?
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Roderick von Bistram is qualified with the title of baron in the LP conferring on him an order of knighthood, 1830. Russia: (DS) 109 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 1 Aug. 1855, 1 Apr. 1864, 13 May 1870, adn 31 Mar. 1880.
Variations: Bistrom (Бистром)
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BLOMBERG (фон-БЛОМБЕРГ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 5/15 May 1670 for Johann Albrecht and the brothers Sebastian and Hermann von Blomberg. Russia: (IC) 25 Dec. 1901 for Ernst Karl Gottlieb von Blomberg.
Sources: SGDR, STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I

von BODE (БОДЕ) - France
Holy Roman Empire: 14 Oct. 1713 - according to SGDR, Justus Vollrad was admitted to the knighthood (Ritterstand) on this date (there is no record of a title of baron of the Holy Roman Empire in this source). Russia: (IO) 25 June 1839 for Ludwig (Lev Karlovich) de Bode. Russia: (IU) 21 Dec. 1842 for Clemens Karl Ludwig (Klementii Karlovich), Wilhelm Heinrich Karl Otto (Andrei Karlovich), and Alexander Karl (Aleksandr Karlovich) von Bode; confirmations: 28 Nov. 1840, 20 Nov. 1847, 21 Sept. 1850, 28 Jan. 1864, 18 Mar. and 2 Sept. 1870.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

BODE-KOLYCHEV (БОДЕ-КОЛЫЧЕВ) - France
Russia: (IC) 13 May 1875 - authorisation for Baron Mikhail L'vovich Bode to take the name and arms of his mother, née Kolycheva.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

BOIJE af GENNÄS (БОЙЕ-аф-ГЕННЭС) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 4/15 Oct. 1771 (no. 294) for Hans Henrik Boije af Gennäs. Kingdom of Sweden: 11/22 Feb. 1773 for the nephews of the preceding: Johan Gustav, Erik Ernst, Karl Vilhelm, Fredrik, and Bengt Axel. Grand Duchy of Finland: 16/28 Feb. 1818 - the descendants of the latter were registrated in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no/ 20.
Variations: Boije till Gennäs
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von BOLSCHWING (фон-БОЛЬШВИНГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 18 July 1634. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1819. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 26 June 1854 and 25 Sept. 1863.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BÖNNINGHAUSEN gennant BUDBERG (фон-БЕННИНГСГАУЗЕН-БУДБЕРГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1827. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 8 Apr. 1864. See also von Budburg.
Variations: von Boenninghausen gennant Budburg
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BONSDORFF (фон-БОНСДОРФ) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 30 Mar./12 Apr. 1868 for Johan Gabriel von Bonsdorff; registered 10/22 Apr. 1869 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 49.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

BOREL de PALENÇA (БОРЕЛЬ-ПАЛЕНЦКИЙ) - France
Kingdom of Portugal: 1/13 May 1824 (em trez vidas) for François Borel, Russian Minister in Lisbon, as Baron de Palença. Russia: (IO) 13 July 1825 for the same. Note: TRRI mistakendly has "da" Palença.
Sources: Livro de Oira da Nobreza II, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BORN (фон-БОРН) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 19 Apr./1 May 1864 for Johan August von Born; registered 30 Mar./11 Apr. 1865 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 47.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von der BRINKEN (фон-дер-БРИНКЕН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1816. Poland: 1817-1824 for Juliusz von der Brincken. Russia: (DS) 24 Jan. 1855 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 11 June 1856, 11 Aug. 1858, 2 July 1861, 25 Sept. and 11 Dec. 1863.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von der BRÜGGEN (фон-дер-БРЮГГЕН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1856. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 8 May 1863 and 17 Mar. 1864.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BRUININGK (фон-БРУЙНИНГ) - Netherlands
Holy Roman Empire: 29 Sept./10 Oct. 1777 [SGDR] [STRL mistakenly has 1770] for Axel Heinrich von Bruiningk. Russia (barons of the Holy Roman Empire): (IC) 10 Sept. 1863 for Karl Karlovich and his son, and Ludolf August Karlovich and his sons.
Variations: Брюйнингк, Брюнинг, Брининг
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

BRUNAULD (БРУНОЛЬД) - France
Baron Karl Ivanovich Brunauld, Major General of the Engineer Corps c. 1806, and his children are cited in Nov. with the title of baron (mf.), although there is no know official recognition of this title in Russia. Note: As the only source for this title is in Russian, the the original spelling in not certain.
Sources: Nov. 1946

von BRUNNOW (фон-БРУННОВ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Philipp von Brunnow is qualified with the title of baron in the LP conferring upon him an order of knighthood, 1832. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862. He was subsequently created a count of the Russian Empire. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

BRUUN (БРУН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 15/27 May 1883 for Teodor (Fedor Antonovich) Bruun; registered 1884 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 56.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von BUCHHOLTZ (фон-БУХГОЛЬЦ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1802. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 5 Sept. 1855 and 7 June 1856.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BUDBERG gennant BÖNNINGHAUSEN (фон-БУДБЕРГ-БЕННИНГСГАУЗЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 11/21 Feb. 1693 for Gotthard Johann, Gotthard Wilhelm, and Leonhard Gustav von Budberg. Their descendants settled in Russia and were qualified with the title of baron in all official acts. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855, 16 Jan. 1856, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations: 20 Dec. 1855 and 13 Mar. 1868. The name in Russia is often simply von Budburg. See also von Bönninghausen gennant Budberg.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BÜHLER (БЮЛЕР) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 20/31 Mar. 1784 for Jacob Albrecht von Bühler. Russia (barons of the Holy Roman Empire): (IC) 16 Aug. 1836 for Baron Heinrich August (Andrei Iakovlevich) von Bühler; confirmations: 15 Oct. 1847 and 21 Sept. 1860. Russia (barons of the Holy Roman Empire): (IC) 24 Dec. 1852 for Karl Albrecht Wilhelm (Karl Fedorovich) von Bühler.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BUTTLAR (фон-БУТЛАР) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. In LP of the Grand Duke Petr Fedorovich dated 19 Feb. 1760, Ernst von Buttlar is qualified with the title of baron. Russia: (DS) 3 May 1854 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von BUXHEOVDEN (фон-БУКСГЕВДЕН) - Germany
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1788. Russia: (DS) 24 May 1861. Russia* (DS) 24 June 1863 and 14 Feb. 1868.
Variations: Buxheoveden.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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C

von CAMPENHAUSEN (КАМПЕНГАУЗЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 31 May/11 June 1744 for Johan Baltzar von Campenhausen. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

CARPELAN (КАРПЕЛАН) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 3/15 Oct. 1771 (no. 281) for Vilhelm Carpelan and his nephew, Carl Efraim (mpr.). Grand Duchy of Finland: 16/28 Jan. 1818 - registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 19. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 20 Apr./2 May 1859 - the title extended to all the descendants of Carl Efraim.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

CEDERCREUTZ (ЦЕДЕРКРЕЙЦ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 12/22 May 1719 (no. 143) for Jonas Folkern Grand Duchy of : 24 Jan./5 Feb. 1818 - Baron Axel Reinhold Cedercreutz was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 6.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

CEDERSTRÖM (ЦЕДЕРСТРОМ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 25 May/5 June 1731 (no. 211) for Olof Carlsson. Grand Duchy of Finland: 16/28 Sept. 1818 - Baron Olof Cederström was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 12. Extinct.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von CEUMERN (фон-ЦЕЙМЕРН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Livonia, 1747. In an Imperial rescript of 25 Feb. 1762, Karl Ernst von Ceumern is qualified with the title of baron. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 11 Feb. 1870.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

CHAPELLE see DE LA CHAPELLE

de CHAUDOIR (ШОДУАР) - France
Kingdom of Bavaria: 24 Mar./5 Apr. 1814 for Jean Joseph de Chaudoir. Poland: (IO) 10/22 Feb. 1820 for the same and his adopted son Stanis³aw. Russia: (IC) 7 Sept. 1827 for the same; confirmations: 25 Nov. 1886.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I / II

CHERKASOV (ЧЕРКАСОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 25 Apr. 1742 for Ivan Antonovich Cherkasov; confirmations: 23 Apr. 1801, 7 Oct. 1843, and 5 Aug. 1854.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

CHETIKHIN (ЧЕТИХИН) - Russia
Russian Empire: 1725 for the Court buffoon, NN. Chetikhin, who died without issue.
Sources: TN

CH£OPICKI de NECZNIA (ХЛОПИЦКИЙ) - Poland
French Empire: 2 May 1811 (mpr.) for Józef Grzegorz Ch³opicki. Poland: 1817-1824 for the same.
Sources: APE, TRRI II

CH£USOWICZ (ХЛУСЕВИЧ) - Poland
French Empire: 9 Oct. 1813 (mpr.) for Józef Jerzy Ch³usowicz. Poland: 1817-1824 for the same.
Sources: APE, TRRI II

CLODT von JURGENSBURG (КЛОДТ-фон-ЮРГЕНСБУРГ) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 4/15 Feb. 1714 for Johann Adolf Clodt von Jurgensburg. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations: 10 Dec. 1864.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

CONSTONS (КОНСТОНС) -
Russian Empire: 1725 for NN. Constons, a chamberlain of the Imperial Court.
Sources: TN

von CRAMER (КРАМЕР) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha: 5/17 Mar. 1879 for the widow of the Councillor of State Alexander von Cramer, Maria Bona (née Olizar). Grand Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha: 13/25 Sept. 1879 for her children: Alexander, Konstantin, Emil, and Helene. Russia: (IU) 16 May 1882 for the same.
Sources: GFT 1899, TN, TRRI II

CRONENBERG (КРОНЕНБЕРГ) -
Russian Empire: (IU) 30 Jan. 1898 for Leopold Cronenberg.
Sources: STRL 1908, TN, TRRI II

CRONSTEDT (КРОНСТЕДТ) I - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 27 Jan./8 Feb. 1870 for Carl Olof Cronstedt; registered 9/21 Setp. 1870 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 50.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

CRONSTEDT II - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 18/30 Mar. 1870 - authorisation for Johan Frans Andreas Galindo to take the name and title of his father-in-law, Baron Carl Olof Cronstedt; registered 9/21 Sept. 1870 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 50.

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D

DALHEIM (ДАЛЬГЕЙМ) - France
Holy Roman Empire: 17 Nov. 1540 for Charles de Limosin d'Alheim (Dalheim). [This title does not appear in SGDR.] Kingdom of France: 1760 for Jean Baptiste de Limosin d'Alheim. Russia* (barons of the Holy Roman Empire): (IC) 10 Apr. 1852 for Petr Ivanovich Dalheim and his children.
Variations: де-Лимузен-Дальгейм
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von DALWIGK zu SCHAUENBURG und LICHTENFELS (ДАЛЬВИГК-ШАУЕНБУРГ-ЛИХТЕНФЕЛЬС) - Germany
Kingdom of Westphalia: 21 Mar./2 Apr. 1813 for the noble family of this name. Principality of Waldeck: 16/28 Aug. 1813 for the descendants of Johann Friedrich Georg von Dalwigk zu Lichtenfels. Russia: (IU) 30 July 1897 for Reinhard von Dalwingk zu Lichtenfels. Note: In Germany, there are two branches of this family: the nobles von Dalwigk zu Schauenburg and the Barons von Dalwigk zu Lichtenfels. It seems that when Baron Reinhold von Dalwigk zu Lichtenfels became a Russian citizen, he took the territorial designation of both branches. The German sources cite the name as von Dalwigk zu Lichtenfels und Schauenburg. See also Counts Dunten.
Sources: GFT 1920, STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I / II

de la CHAPELLE (ДЕ-ЛА-ШАПЕЛЬ) - France
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 13/25 Mar. 1856 for Albrekt Fredrik Richard de la Chapelle; registered 27 Apr./9 May 1857 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 39.
Variations: Де-ля-Шапель
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von DELLINGSHAUSEN (ДЕЛЛИНГСГАУЗЕН) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 28 Aug./8 Sept. 1785 for Thomas von Dellingshausen. Russia (baron of the Holy Roman Empire): (IC) 12 Dec. 1862; confirmations: 16 Jan. 1863.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von DELWIG (фон-ДЕЛЬВИГ) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 6/17 Jan. 1720 for Bernhard Reinhold von Delwig. Russia: (IC) 13 May 1868; confirmations: 3 Sept. 1869 and 10 May 1872.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von DERSCHAU (фон-ДЕРШАУ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 1682. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1813. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb, 1862; confirmations: 16 Sept. 1864.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

DESMAISONS (ДЕМЕЗОН) - France
Kingdom of Sardinia: 2/14 Dec. 1847 for Jean Jacques Pierre (Petr Ivanovich) Desmaisons, who was in the Russian civil service. It seems that this title was never confirmed in Russia.
Variations: de Maison
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

DE SMET see SMETH

DIMSDALE (ДИМСДАЛЬ) - England
Russian Empire: (LP) 13 Feb. 1769 (mpr.) for Dr. Thomas Dimsdale and his second son Nathaniel.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

DISTERLO see DÜSTERLOHE

von DOLST (ДОЛЬСТ) - Germany
Ennobled in Russia, 1787. Holy Roman Empire: 3/14 Aug. 1790 for Johann August von Dolst. [This title does not appear in SGDR.] Russia: (IU) 12 Mar. 1897 for Barons Aleksandr and Nikolai Aleksandrovich von Dolst.
Sources: STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I / II

von DORTHESEN (фон-ДОРТЕЗЕН) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the regsiters of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Konstantin von Dorthesen is qualified with the title of baron in all official documents since 1846. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von DRACHENFELS (фон-ДРАХЕНФЕЛЬС) - Germany
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1858. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 24 June 1863.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

du BOIS de ROMAN-KAÏSAROV (ДЮ-БУА-ДЕ-РОМАН-ЛАЙСАРОВ) - France
Kingdom of France: 25 Nov./7 Dec. 1820 and 29 Dec. 1820/10 Jan. 1821 (mpr.) for Joseph Zenon Armand du Bois (alias Dubois) de Romand. Russia: (IU) 27 Jan. 1859 - Baron Joseph Armand Gustave du Bois de Romand was naturalised in Russia with the rights of hereditary nobility. Russia: (IC) 13 Oct. 1860 - authorisation for Baron Gustave Armand du Bois de Romand to take the name and arms of his wife, née Kaïsarova.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

DULFUS (ДУЛЬФУС) -
Jan Feliks Dulfus was admitted to the knighthood (Ritterstand) of the Holy Roman Empire with the name "Dulfus Edler von Regulski, Ritter," 27 July 1766. He was subsequently ennobled by the Polish Sejm in 1768. According to TRRI, Jan Feliks Dulfus is qualified with the title of baron in a decree of King Frederick II of Prussia. Jan Henryk, son of the preceding, "donataire (r. 2000) en Westphalie (19 Mar. 1808)," was created a chevalier de l'Empire by Napoleon I, LP 10 Apr. 1811. Extinct 23 Apr. 1818 on his death. Poland: 1822 for Stanis³aw and Tytus Henrik, sons of Jan Feliks (according to NAB, three of his son had the title of baron recognised in 1822).
Variations: Dolfus
Sources: APE, NAB, SGDR, TRRI II, communication of Rafal T. Prinke

von DÜSTERLOHE (фон-ДИСТЕРЛО) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 18 July 1634. Wilhelm Georgievich von Düsterlohe is qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1817. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 15 Feb, 5 June and 4 Oct. 1854, 3 Oct. 1855, 4 Mar. 1857, and 11 Sept. 1868.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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E

ELSEN see OELSEN

von ENGELHARDT (фон-ЭНГЕЛЬГАРДТ) - Baltic Provinces
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1812. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 30 May 1855, 13 Feb. 1856, 5 Dec. 1862, 8 Jan. 1864, 13 Mar. 1868, 5 Mar. 1869, 1 Nov. 1872, 21 Feb. 1873, and 28 Dec. 1883.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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F

FEHLEISEN (ФЕЛЕЙЗЕН) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 23 July 1864 for Konstantin Karlovich Fehleisen; confirmations: 3 Nov. 1875 and 2 Oct. 1889.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von FERSEN (фон-ФЕРЗЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 26 Oct./4 Nov. and 19/29 Nov. 1674 for Otto Wilhelm von Ferson and his brother, Hermann, and Fabian von Fersen and his brother, Hans. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations: 8 Apr. 1874.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von FIRCKS (ФИРКС) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1809. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 25 Sept. and 9 Oct. 1863.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

FLEMING af LIEBELITZ (ФЛЕМИНГ-аф-ЛИБЕЛИЦ) - Flanders
Kingdom of Sweden: 16/26 Jan. 1651 (no. 17) for Herman Fleming. Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - his grandson, Baron Herman Fleming, was registered in the Finnish Ridarshus, barons - no. 1. Extinct.
Variations: Fleming till Lieblitz
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

FLORIO (ФЛОРИО) - Italy
Kingdom of Sardinia: 1840 for Pietro (Petr Filippovich) Florio. Russia: (IU) 25 June 1842 for the same. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von FOELKERSAHM (фон-ФЕЛЬКЕРЗАМ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1830. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853, 4 Oct. 1854, and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 21 July 1866.
Variations: Völckersahm, Völkersam, Voelckersahm, Fölkersamb, Fölkersahm, Foelkersam, Foelckersahm
Sources: GHdA 37, STRL, TN, TRRI I

af FORSELLES (аф-ФОРСЕЛЛЕС) - Netherlands
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 30 Mar./12 Apr. 1874 for Edvard Gustav af Forselles; registered 25 Sept./7 Oct. 1876 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 53.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

FREEDERICKSZ (ФРЕДЕРИКС) - Netherlands
Russian Empire: (IU) 5 Aug. 1773 for Johan (Ivan Iur'evich) Freedericksz; confirmations: 17 Jan. 1817,.8 May 1856, 26 Nov. 1857, 8 Dec. 1859, 31 May 1860, 30 Jan. and 21 May 1884, and 1 May 1889. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 2 Feb. 1853 for Baron Bernhard (Boris Andreevich) Freedericksz; registered 29 Oct. 1853 in the Finnish Riddarshus, barons - no. 36.
Variations: (Фридрикс)
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

FREEDERICKSZ-MARAZLI (ФРЕДЕРИКС-МАРАЗЛИ) - Sweden
Russian Empire: (IC) 10 Dec. 1908 - authorisation for Baron Georgii (Iurii) Vladimirovich Freedericksz to take the name and arms of his maternal great-uncle, Grigorii Marazli.
Sources: NdR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

FRAENKEL (ФРЕНКЕЛЬ) - Bohemia ?
Russian Empire: (IU) 9 Mar. 1857 for Anton Eduard (Anton Antonovich) Frenkel.
Variations: Frenkel, Франкель
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

von FREYTAGH-LORINGHOVEN (фон-ФРЕЙТАГ-ЛОРИНГОФЕН) I - Germany
Russia: (IU) 11 May 1878 for Karl (Charles) Johann (Karl Karlovich) von Freytagh-Loringhoven.
Sources: GHdA 13, STRL, TN, TRRI I

FREYTAG von LORINGHOVEN (ФРЕЙТАГ-фон-ЛОРИНГОФЕН) II - Germany
Russia: (IU) 1 Sept. 1878 for Karl Gottlob (Karl Andreevich) Freytag von Loringhoven.

von FREYTAG gennant LÖRINGHOFF (ФРЕЙТАГ-фон-ЛОРИНГОФ) III - Germany
Russia: (IO) 24 May 1884 for the son of Evgenii Arkad'evich von Freytag gennant Löringhoff.

von FRIESENDORFF (фон-ФРИЗЕНДОРФ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 2/12 Feb. 1655 for Johann Friedrich von Friesendorff, Baron von Cronewerth. Kingdom of Sweden: 5/16 Sept. 1705 (no. 200) for Johan Fredrik and Carl Gustav von Friesendorff. Grand Duchy of Finland: 5/17 Sept. 1818 - Baron Filip Reinhold von Friesendorff was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 11; confirmations*: (IU) 7/19 July 1876.
Sources: AFR, SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von FUNCK (фон-ФУНК) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Wilhelm von Funck is qualified with the title of baron in the LP conferring on him an order of knighthood, 5 Oct. 1831. Russia: (DS) 3 May 1854 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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G

von GERSCHAU (фон-ГЕРШАУ) - Baltic Provinces
Principality of Reuß, Elder Line: 19/31 Aug. 1858 for Peter von Gerschau, the natural son of Peter Biron, Duke of Curland, and Baroness NN. von Derschau. Russia: (IP) 20 June 1860; confirmations*: 1 Nov. 1862.
Sources: DBBL, STRL, TN, TRRI I

GERSCHAU von FLOTOW (ГЕРШАУ-ФЛОТОВ) - Germany
Russia*: (IU) 27 Nov. 1891 - authorisation for Bernhard von Flotow to take the name, arms, and title (mpr.) of his uncle, Baron Alexander von Gerschau. In the index to TRRI, they are described as barons of the Principality of Reuss. Russia: (IU) 15 Apr. 1898 - this title extended to all his descendants.
Sources: GHdA 69, STRL/ 1908, TN, TRRI I

GIRARD de SOUCANTON (ЖИРАРД-де-СУКАНТОН) - France
Russian Empire: (IU) 22 Dec. 1862 for Johann Karl Girard de Soucanton; confirmations: 6 Nov. 1863.
Variations: Жирар-де-Сукантон
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

GIERNE see HJÄRNE

GIERTA see HIERTA

von GRAEVENITZ (ГРЕВЕНИЦ) - Germany
Russia: (IO) 1 May 1797 for Karl Friedrich von Graevenitz. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin: 8/20 Nov. 1847 for the sons of the preceding, Friedrich Hans Ludwig Franz and Alexander Karl Friedrich Ludwig. Russia (barons of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin): (IC) 21 Mar. 1851 for the same. Russia: (IC) 18 June 1867 for Eugen Paul Nikolaus, son of Baron Aleksandr Fedorovich von Graevenitz.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

GRIPENBERG (ГРИПЕНБЕРГ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 1/13 Jan. 1865 for Johan Ulrik Sebastian Gripenberg; registered 13/25 Apr. 1866 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 48.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von GROTTHUSS (фон-ГРОТГУС) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1848. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 9 Oct. 1863.
Variations: Гротус
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von GÜNZBURG (ГИЦБУРГ) I - Russia
Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt: 28 Oct./9 Nov. 1870 for Herzel / Horaz / Horatius (Goratsii Evzelevich) Gunzburg. Russia: (IP) 27 Mar. 1871 (pers.). Russia: (IU) 27 May 1879 - authorisation to bear the title hereditarily; confirmations: 26 Oct. 1881.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I. WHGT

von GÜNZBURG II - Russia
Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt: 20 July/2 Aug. 1874 for Evzel (Joseph in WGHT) Gabrielevich Gunzburg. Russia: (IP) 19 Mar. 1875 (pers.). Russia: (IU) 27 May 1879 - authorisation to bear the title hereditarily; confirmations: 25 Aug. 1881, 25 Jan. and 12 Apr. 1882.

GYLDENSTOPLE (ГИЛЬДЕНСТОПЛЬ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 3/15 Apr. 1827 for Karl Eduard Gyldenstople; registered 4/16 July 1829 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 31. Extinct.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

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H

von HAAREN (фон-ГААРЕН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Karl Wilhelm Julius von Haaren is qualified with the title of baron in an IO of 1830 and an IU of 1833. Russia: (DS) 29 Oct. 1858 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HAARTMAN (фон-ГАРТМАН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: 23 Mar./4 Apr. 1849 for Lars Gabriel von Haartman; registered 14/26 Apr. 1851 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 35.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HAHN (фон-ГАН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 7 Aug. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in all official actes since 1817. Russia: 10 June 1853, 4 Oct. 1854, 5 Sept. 1855, and 28 Feb. 1862. Russia*: 21 Dec. 1853, 1 and 15 Mar., 23 Aug. and 13 Sept. 1854, and 7 Nov. 1855.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

op dem HAMME gennant von SCHOEPPINGK (фон-ШЕППИНГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1816. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 22 Apr. 1854.
Sources: GHdA 110, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HAUFF (фон-ГАУФ) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt: 27 Oct./8 Nov. 1853 for Ludvig Gottlob Jonatan von Hauff. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 28 Jan./9 Feb. 1859 for the same; registered 10/22 Sept. 1859 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 42.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

van HEECKEREN (ГЕЕККЕРЕН) - France
Kingdom of the Netherlands: 23 Apr./5 May 1836 for Georges Charles d'Anthès, the adopted son of the Duch Chargé d'Affaires in St. Petersburg, Baron Jacob Derk Borchard Anne van Heeckeren van Enghuizen. Russia: (IU) 15 June 1836 for the same. The family today bears the name of de Heeckeren d'Anthès.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

von HELLENS (фон-ГЕЛЛЕНС) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 14 Apr. 1895 for Johan Teodor von Hellens; registered 30 Apr. 1896 in the Finnish Riddarshus, barons - no. 61.
Sources: AFR, TRRI II

HEYDEL (ГЕЙДЕЛЬ) - Germany
Kingdom of Poland: 8/19 Aug. 1722 for Jan Sebastyan Heydel. (Note: This is one of the rare tiles granted by the Kingdom of Poland.) Poland: 22 Oct. 1820 for Jan Rudolf Tomasz Heydel.
Sources: AB, TRRI II

von HEYKING (фон-ГЕЙКИНГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1787. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 20 June and 24 Oct. 1855, 15 July and 13 Oct. 1863, 7 Jan. 1870, and 24 Feb. 1875.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

HIERTA (ГИЭРТА) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 1/12 Feb. 1771 (no. 381) for Carl and Lars Hierta. Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - the sons of Lars, Axel Adam and Conrad Vilhelm were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 15.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

HISINGER (ГИЗИНГЕР) - Sweden
Ennobled in Sweden, 23 Jan. 1770. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 31 Aug./12 Sept. 1819 for Mikael (Mikhail Ivanovich) Hisinger (mpr.); registered 18/30 Aug. 1820 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 29. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 2/14 June 1883 - the title extended to all descendants of Johan Fridolf Mikael Hisinger.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

HISINGER-JÄGERSKIÖLD (ГИЗИНГЕР-ИЭГЕРШЕЛЬД) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: 7 Aug. 1906 - Baron Fridolf Leopold Hisinger adopted the son-in-law of his brother, Christer Ludvig Edvard Jägerskiöld with the title of Baron Hisinger-Jägerskiöld.
Sources: AFR

HJÄRNE (ГИЭРНЕ) - Sweden
Confirmation of the ancient nobility of this family in Sweden, 3 Jan. 1689. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 23 Apr./5 May 1841 for Gustav (Karlovich) Hjärne; registered 19/31 May 1843 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 34.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

HOGGUER (ГОГГЕР) - Netherlands
Kingdom of Sweden: 25 Mar./5 Apr. 1714 for Antonie and Johan Jacob Hogguer. Kingdom of Sweden: 28 Nov./9 Dec. 1773 for Daniel Hogguer. Russia: (IO) 25 Jan. 1810 for Jan Willem (Vasilii Danilovich) Hogguer.
Variations: д'Оггер
Sources: Nederland's Adelsboek 1995, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HOHENASTENBERG gennant WIGANT (фон-ГОГЕНАСТЕНБЕРГ-ВИГАНТ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1834. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: GHdA 118, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HOLSTINGHAUSEN gennant HOLSTEN (фон-ГОЛЬСТИНГГАУЗЕН-ГОЛЬСТЕН) - Germany
Baron Konstantin von Holstinghausen-Holsten is qualified with the title of baron in an IU of 1 May 1822. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 26 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HOLTEY (фон-ГОЛЬТЕЙ) - Germany
Major General von Holtey is qualified with the title of baron in an IU of 12 May 1801. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 26 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

HOROCH (ГОРОХ) - Poland
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria: 4/15 Feb. 1791 for Maciej Kazimierz Horoch. Poland: 24 May 1824 for Józef Wiktor and Kajetan Horoch. Russia: (IC) 5 July 1844 for Józef Wiktor Wincenty Onufry Antoni Horoch.
Variations: Horroch, Гурох in TRRI.
Sources: AB, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von der HOWEN (фон-дер-ХОВЕН) - Netherlands
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Christoph von der Howen is qualified with the title of baron since 1821. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853, 5 Sept. 1855, and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 1 Nov. 1854, 6 Feb. and 21 May 1856, and 7 Dec. 1866.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

Note: The Dutch Jonkheer Friedrich Philip van der Hoeven (фан-дер-Ховен) was naturalised and had his noble status (although it seems not the qualification of jonkheer) recognised in Russia by IU 5 Dec. 1909.

von HOYNINGEN-HUENE (фон-ГОЙНИНГЕН-ГЮНЕ) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Nikolaus von Hoyningen-Huene is qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1858. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 4 Nov. 1864, 5 May and 29 Sept. 1865, and 20 Apr. 1866.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von HUENE-MINKWITZ (фон-ГЮНЕ-МИНКВИЦ) - Baltic Provinces
Russia: (IO) 17 Mar. 1877 - authorisation for the ward of Alexander Joakim Minkwitz, Baroness Ebba von Huene, to take the name of her guardian, "without according to her the right to inherit the properties of her guardian."
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

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I

INDRENIUS (ИНДРЕНИУС) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 28 Mar/9 Apr. 1871 for Bernhard Indrenius; registered 4/16 Apr. 1871 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 51.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

INDRENIUS-ZALEWSKI (ИНДРЕНИУС-ЗАЛЕВСКИЙ) - Poland
Grand Duchy of Finland: 6 Oct. 1914 - Baron Johannes Indrenius adopted his nephews, Bernhard Jerôme Alexander and Erik Johannes Maximilian Zalewski with the title of Baron Indrenius-Zalewski.
Sources: AFR

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J

JERZMANOWSKI (ЕРЖМАНОВСКИЙ) - Poland
French Empire: 15 Aug. 1813 (mpr.) for Pawe³ Jerzmanowski, chevalier de l'Empire (15 Mar. 1810), "donataire (r. 1000) sur le Canal du Midi (15 Mar. 1810)." LP were never delivered. Poland: 1817-1824 for the same.
Sources: APE, TRRI II

JOMINI (ЖОМИНИ) I - France
French Empire: 15/27 July 1808 (mpr.) for Antoine Henri Jomini. Russia: (IU) 23 June 1847 and 6 Jan. 1850 for Charles (Karl Genrikhovich) Jomini and his son Nicolas.
Sources: APE, STRL, TN, TRRI I

JOMINI II - France
Russia: (IU) 23 May 1864 for the ward and niece of Baron Alexandre (Aleksandr Genrikhovich) Jomini, Louise Petit de Baroncourt.

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K

von KAULBARS (КАУЛЬБАРС) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 10/21 Nov. 1751 (no. 231) for Johan Fredrik von Kaulbars. Russia*: (DS) 5 May 1844 and 25 Feb. 1847.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KELLES-KRAUS (КЕЛЛЕС-КРАУЗ) - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Poland: 18 Feb. 1585 and 26 Dec. 1587 for Elegard von Kelles-Kraus. Russia*: (IC) 21 Dec. 1857 for Jan Antoni and his sons, and Micha³ Wincenty and his sons; confirmations: 5 Jan. 1871 and 15 Mar. 1877.
Variations: Келлескраус
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KEYSERLINGK (фон-КЕЙЗЕРЛИНГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Georg Heinrich von Keyserlingk was qualified with the title of baron in a patent of 1 Sept. 1740. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1859 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KISTER see KÜSTER

von KLEBECK (фон-КЛЕБЕК) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 11/22 June 1779 for Wilhelm Ernst and his brother Karl Otto von Klebeck. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and 28 Feb. 1862, and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 18 May 1866, 26 Apr. 1867, and 30 May 1888.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KLEIST (фон-КЛЕЙСТ) - Germany
Members of this family were qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1820. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 26 July and 25 Oct. 1854, 13 and 25 July and 28 Nov. 1855, 15 July and 13 Nov. 1863, and 21 July 1866.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KLEMENTOVA (КЛЕМЕНТОВА) - Russia
Russian Empire: 21 May 1725 for Evdokia Il'inishna Klementova, Grand Mistress of the Court of Duchess Anna Petrovna von Holstein. Extinct.
Sources: TRRI II

af KLERCKER (аф-КЛЕРКЕР) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 17/29 June 1809 (no. 334) for Carl Natanael Klerck (mpr.). Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - Gustav Reinhold af Klercker, his son, was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 22.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

KLINCKOWSTRÖM (КЛИНКОВСТРЕМ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 7/18 Jan. 1759 (no. 262) for Ture Gustav Klinckowström. Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - Otto Wilhelm Klinckowström, his grandson, was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 17.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KLOPMANN (фон-КЛОПМАН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1795. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853, 5 Sept. 1855, and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 17 Aug. 1853, 19 Jan. and 16 Nov. 1855.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KLOT-HEYDENFELD (фон-КЛОТ-ГЕЙДЕНФЕЛЬД) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 1752 for ..... . Russia: 1914 for ..... . According to Mikhail Katin-Yartsev, a Livonian branch of this family began to use the title of Baron von Klot-Heydenfeld at the beginning of this century but he could find no Imperial confirmation of said title. It was the elder, Pomeranian branch that received the title of baron in the Kingdom of Sweden as Barons von Klot-Trautvetter, 20 Apr. 1752. GHLR does not mention the title of baron in connection with this family either. As Komoroff-Kourloff does not indicate the sources for each entry, it is not known where he obtained the year of 1914.
Sources: TN

KLOT von JURGENSBURG see CLODT von JURGENSBURG

von KLÜCHTZNER (фон-КЛЮХТЦНЕР) - Baltic Provinces
Ludwig von Klüchtzner is qualified with the title of baron in an official document of 1837. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KNABENAU (фон-КНАБЕНАУ) - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Poland: 1685 for Captain von Knabenau. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KNIGGE (фон-КНИГГЕ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 19 June 1665 for Jodok Hilmar and Friedrich von Knigge. Russian subjects since 1795. It does not seem that this title was confirmed in Russia.
Sources: GHdA 118, SGDR, TN

KNOOP (КНОП) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 6 May 1877 for Johann Ludwig (Lev Gerasimovich) Knoop, merchant of the 1st guild in St. Petersburg; confirmations: 11 Sept. 1889. Note: Probably a relation of Karl Julius Gerhard Knoop (1822-1893), head of the firm Jersey & Co. in Manchester, who was ennobled in Prussia in 1877 and made a baron in 1887.
Sources: GHdA 32, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KNORRING (фон-КНОРРИНГ) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 18/29 Jan. 1720 (no. 177) for Herman Johan von Knorring. Grand Duchy of Finland: 5/17 Sept. 1818 - Baron Johan Fredrik Ludvig von Knorring, his great-grandson, was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 9. Russia: (IU) 11 Oct. 1907 for Aleksei, Alfred, Konstantin, Mikhail, Vladimir, and Andrei von Knorring
Sources: AFR, STRL / 1908, TN, TRRI I / II

KOBYLIÑSKI (КОБЫЛИНСКИЙ) - Lithuania
French Empire: 3 Aug. 1809 (mpr.) for Florian Kobyliñski. LP were never delivered. Poland: 1817-1824 for the same.
Sources: APE, TRRI II

von KOEHNE (КЕНЕ) - Germany
Principality of Reuß, Elder Line: 12/24 May 1862 for Bernhard (Boris Vasil'evich) Koehne (Köhne ?). Russia: (IP) 15 Oct. 1862 for the same; confirmations*: 22 Dec. 1865.
Variations: Кёне
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KOLOKOL'TSOV (КОЛОКОЛЬЦОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 15 Sept. 1801 for Fedor Mikhailovich Kolokol'tsov. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KÖNE see KOEHNE

KONOPKA (КОНОПКА) - Poland
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria: 7 Nov. 1791 for Jan and Piotr Konopka. Russia: (..) 1897 for ..... . This confirmation is not mentioned in either STRL 1908 or TRRI. GFT 1899 states that the family coat-of-arms was modified 13 Oct. (Vienna 17 Dec.) 1897.
Sources: GFT 1899, TN

KONSTONS see CONSTONS

von KORFF (фон-КОРФ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Members of this family were qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1819. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853, 5 Sept. 1855, and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 12 Oct. 1853, 26 July and 1 Nov. 1854, 3 Feb. and 21 July 1855, 29 Nov. 1861, 15 July, 13 and 17 Nov. 1863, and 14 July 1876.
Variations: von Schmysing gennant Korff (фон-Шмизинг-Корф)
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KOSCHKULL (КОШКУЛЬ) - Baltic Provinces
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1860. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862. See also Koskull.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KOSIÑSKI (КОСИНСКИЙ) - Poland
French Empire: 11 Nov. 1813 (mpr.) for Micha³ Kosiñski "donataire (r. 4000) sur Rome (31 Mar. 1812)," who died without issue. Poland: 1817-1824 for Józef Micha³. Russia: (IU) 29 July 1836 - authorisation for Józef (Osip Osipovich) Kosiñski, nephew of the Micha³, to take the title of his uncle; confirmations: 11 Aug. 1858.
Sources: AB, APE, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KOSKULL (КОСКУЛЬ) - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Sweden: 19 Feb./2 Mar. 1720 (no. 184) for Otto Johann von Koskull. Russia: (DS) 8 Oct. 1879. See also Koschkull.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KOTHEN (фон-КОТЕН) - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Sweden: 4/15 Oct. 1771 (no. 252) for Magnus Adolf von Kothen. Grand Duchy of Finland: 5/17 Sept. 1818 - Gustav and Carl Axel von Kothen were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 16.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

KRAMER see CRAMER

KRONSTEDT see CRONSTEDT

von KRÜDENER (фон-КРЮДЕНЕР) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Livonia, 1747. Gotthard Ludwig von Krüdener is qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1806. Russia: (DS) 25 July 1855; confirmations*: 5 Mar., 30 Apr., 14 and 28 May 1856, 16 Feb. 1858, and 27 Apr. 1860.
Variations: Krüdner, Криденер
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KRÜDENER-STRUVE (КРИДЕНЕР-СТРУВЕ) - Baltic Provinces
Russia: (IU) 26 Jan. 1877 - authorisation for Vladimir, Karl, Lidia, Aleksandra, Anna, and Evgenia von Krüdener to take the name of their step-father.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KUSOV (КУСОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 20 May 1866 for Aleksei Alekseevich Kusov; confirmations: 27 Jan. 1892.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von KÜSTER (КИСТЕР) - Germany
Duchy of Anhalt-Koethen: 4/16 Jan. 1833 for Karl von Küster. Russia (baron of the Duchy of Anhalt-Koethen): (IC) 2 June 1848 for the same; confirmations*: 21 Feb. 1847 and 31 Oct. 1857.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

KUTAÏSOV (КУТАЙСОВ) - Turkey
Russian Empire: (IU) 22 Feb. 1799 for Ivan Pavlovich Kutaïsov. He was subsequently created a Count of the Russian Empire.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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L

LANGENSKIÖLD (ЛАНГЕНШЕЛЬД) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 3/15 Apr. 1860 for Carl Fabian Teodor Langenskiöld; registered 8/20 Sept. 1860 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 45.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

LANGHOFF (ЛАНГОФ) - Denmark
Grand Duchy of Finland: 14 Jan. 1912 for Carl Fredrik Alexander Langhoff; registered 4 Oct. 1912 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 36.
Sources: AFR

LESSER (ЛЕССЕР) - Poland
Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen: 1/13 Feb. 1876 for Stanis³aw Lesser. Russia: (IU) 13 July 1876.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

LEWARTOWSKI (ЛЕВАРТОВСКИЙ) - Poland
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria: 22 Aug./2 Sept. 1783 [AB] 1782 [TRRI] for Pawe³ Jan Lewartowski. Poland: 24 May 1824 for Jerzy Jan Lewartowski.
Sources: AB, GFT 1859 and 1875, TRRI II

von LIEVEN (фон-ЛИВЕН) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1831. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 8 May 1863. See also Counts Lieven and Serene Princes Lieven.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

LIMOSIN d'ALHEIM see DALHEIM

LINDER af SVARTÅ (ЛИНДЕР-аф-СВАРТО) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 12/24 Apr. 1859 for Magnus Linder; registered 7/19 June 1860 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 44.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von LOUDON (фон-ЛОУДОН) - Baltic Provinces
Holy Roman Empire: 22 Feb./5 Mar. 1759 for Gideon Ernst von Loudon, his brother Reinhold Johann, and their cousins, Karl Gideon and Otto Johann. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 15 Nov. 1854.
Variations: von Laudon (фон-Лаудон)
Sources: GHdA 7, SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von LÖWENWOLDE (фон-ЛЕВЕНВОЛЬДЕ) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Livonia, 1747. Peter (Petr Alekseevich) von Löwenwolde is qualified with the title of baron in a resolution of 12 Oct. 1710. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von LUDINGHAUSEN gennant WOLFF (фон-ЛЮДИНГАУЗЕН-ВОЛЬФ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1810. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 7 Mar., 21 June and 4 Oct. 1855, and 28 Nov. 1861.
Sources: GHdA 69, STRL, TN, TRRI I

LYBECKER (ЛИБЕКЕР) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 30 Mar./10 Apr. 1707 (no. 119) for Georg Lybecker. Grand Duchy of Finland: 24 Jan./5 Feb. 1818 - Clas Reinhold, Carl Otto, and Georg Henrik were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 5
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I


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M

von MAHS (МАС) - Germany
Kingdom of Prussia: 31 Mar./12 Apr. 1873 for Ernst Mahs. Russia: (IP) 12 Mar. 1874.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

MALAMA (МАЛАМА) - Russia
Holy Roman Empire: 27 June/8 July 1787 [TN mistakenly has 8 July. 1786] for Aleksandr Ivanovich Malama. Extinct in 1833. It seems that this title was never confirmed in Russia.
Sources: SGDR, TN

von MALTITZ (фон-МАЛЬТИЦ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 20 Sept. 1786. Peter Friedrich von Maltitz is qualified with the title of baron in an IU of 21 Dec. 1796. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MALTZAN (МАЛЬЦАН) - Germany
Kingdom of Bohemia: 2 Aug. 1530 for Joachim and Georg von Maltzan. Holy Roman Empire: 10 Aug. 1530 for the same. Poland: 24 May 1824 for Adolf von Maltzan.
Sources: GHdA 13, SGDR, TRRI II

MANNERHEIM (МАННЕРГЕЙМ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 18/29 Feb. 1768 (no. 277) for Gustav Henrik and Johan Augustin Mannerheim. Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 18.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von MANTEUFFEL gennant SZOEGE (фон-МАНТЕЙФЕЛЬ-ЦЕГЕ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1823. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 4 Oct. 1854.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MAYDELL (фон-МАЙДЕЛЬ) - Baltic Provinces
Otto Johann von Maydell is qualified with the title of baron in an Imperial resoltuion of 8 Apr. 1736. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854, 5 Sept. 1855, and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 10 Jan. 1855, 14 May 1856, 25 May 1858, 9 Aug. 1862, 14 and 21 Dec. 1866, 18 Dec. 1868, 4 July 1869, and 26 May 1871.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MEDEM (фон-МЕДЕМ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1809. Russia (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 17 Aug. 1853, 2 May and 25 July 1855, 13 Nov. 1863, 27 May 1864, 3 July 1867, 28 Apr. 1871, 6 Feb. 1878, 22 Jan. 1879, and 9 Feb. 1887.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MEERSCHEIDT gennant HÜLLESSEM (фон-МЕЕРШЕЙДТ-ГИЛЛЕСЕМ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1816. Russia: (DS) 8 May 1863; confirmations: 24 Sept. 1869 and 27 May 1870.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

MELLER-ZAKOMEL'SKII (МЕЛЛЕР-ЗАКОМЕЛЬСКИЙ) -
Russian Empire: (IU) 30 June 1789 for Ivan Ivanovich Meller; confirmations: 14 Nov. and 5 Dec. 1862, 26 May and 21 Mar. 1867.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

MELLIN (МЕЛЛИН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 18/28 Apr. 1691 (no. 92) for Gustav Mellin. Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - Axel Gustav, Bernt Gustav, Gustav Reinhold, and Carl Adolf Mellin were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 4.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

MEND (МЕНД) - Finland
Principality of Reuß, Elder Line: 8/20 May 1866 for Friedrich Mend. Russia: (IP) .. Jan. 1878; confirmations 5 Nov. 1879.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MENGDEN (МЕНГДЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 2/12 July 1653 for Otto von Mengden with the name Mengden von Altenwoge. Russia*: (DS) 20 Sept. 1848 for Karl Woldemar von Mengden. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations*: 8 May 1856 and 8 Apr. 1858.
Sources: GHdA 69, STRL, TN, TRRI I

MESTMACHER (МЕСТМАХЕР) -
Russian Empire: (IU) 7 June 1777 for Johann (Ivan Ivanovich) Mestmacher. Russian Empire: (IU) 3 July 1779 - "it was made clear that the baronial dignity conferred upon him extended to his children, born or to be born, and their descendants"; confirmations: 21 Aug. 1816.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

MESTMACHER-BUDDE (МЕСТМАХЕР-БУДДЕ) -
Russian Empire: (IC) 1 Dec. 1902 - authorisation for Viktor Viktorovich Budde to take the name and title of his maternal uncle, Baron Pavel Pavlovich Mestmacher. Extinct on his death.
Sources: STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I

von MEYENDORFF (фон-МЕЙЕНДОРФ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 6/16 Apr. 1679 for Jacob von Uexküll and his brother Otto Johan, their nephew Walter Reinhold, and their cousin Lage von Uexküll. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. and 7 Nov. 1855, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1855. See also Uexküll.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MIRBACH (фон-МИРБАХ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Ernst von Mirbach is qualified with the title of baron in official acts of 1843 and 1850. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 11 Apr. 1855, 12 Mar. 1856, and 13 May 1864.
Sources: GHdA 44, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von MOHRENHEIM (МОРЕНГЕЙМ) - Bohemia ?
Holy Roman Empire: 20 May 1790 [SGDR] [TN mistakenly has 1783 and TRRI 1787] for Joseph von Mohrenheim, grandfather of the following. Russia: (IC) 28 Feb. 1894 for Arthur (Artur Pavlovich) von Mohrenheim.
Sources: SGDR, STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

MOLANDER (МОЛАНДЕР) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 5/17 Apr. 1887 for Clas Herman Molander; registered 20 Jan. 1888 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 58.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

MUNCK (МУНК) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 16/27 Dec. 1778 (no. 309) for Johan Henrik Munck. Grand Duchy of Finland: 16/28 Jan. 1818 - Baron Johan Reinhold Munck was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 21.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

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N

von NETTELHORST (НЕТЕЛЬГОРСТ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Russia: (IC) 4 June 1894 for Paul and Peter von Nettelhorst. (Ernst Christoph von Nettelhorst was created a count of the Holy Roman Empire 13 Apr. 1804.)
Sources: GHdA 13, STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I

NICOLAIJ (НИКОЛАИ) - Sweden
Ludvig Heinrich Nicolai was ennobled in the Holy Roman Empire with the name "Edler von Nicolai," 29 Mar./10 Apr. 1782. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 1822 for Paul (Pavel Andreevich) von Nikolai as baron Nikolaij; registered 16/28 May 1828 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 30
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von NOLCKEN (фон-НОЛЬКЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 1/12 Dec. 1747 (no. 223) for Erik Matias von Nolcken. Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 27 Mar./8 Apr. 1812 for Axel Gustav Fredrik von Nolcken, grandson of the preceding; registered 1/13 Oct. 1818 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 14. Russia: (DS) 11 Apr. 1855 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 19 Dec. 1855, 10 June 1870, 17 Feb. 1871, 25 Jan. and 10 Mar. 1875.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von NOLDE (фон-НОЛЬДЕ) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Ernst von Nolde is qualified with the title of baron in an IU of 11 June 1848. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 13 Aug. 1864, 25 Sept. and 27 Nov. 1868, 19 Mar. 1869, 23 Feb. and 13 Sept. 1872, and 16 July 1873.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

NORDENSTAM (НОРДЕНСТАМ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 3/15 Apr. 1860 for Johan Mauritz Nordenstam; registered 2/14 Nov. 1860 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 46. See also Standertskjöld-Nordenstam.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

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O

von OELSEN (фон-ЭЛЬСЕН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1834. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von OFFENBERG (фон-ОФФЕНБЕРГ) - Germany
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1817. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1858 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 16 Nov. 1853, 11 Apr. and 18 July 1855, 19 Mar. and 2 Apr. 1856.
Sources: GHdA 118, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ORGIES gennant RUTENBERG (фон-ОРГИС-РУТЕНБЕРГ) - Baltic Provinces
Colonel von Rutenberg is qualified with the title of baron in IU of 19 Oct. 1807 and 6 May 1814. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von der OSTEN gennant DRIESEN (фон-дер-ОСТЕН-ДРИЗЕН) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 1801. Russia: (IC) 23 May 1894 for numerous members of this family
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von der OSTEN gennant SACKEN (фон-дер-ОСТЕН-САКЕН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1807. Russia: (DS) 26 Jan. and 10 June 1853, 4 Oct. 1854, 28 Feb. 1862, and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 17 Aug. 1853, 1 Nov. 1854, 28 Feb., 7 Apr. and 12 Dec. 1855, 6 Feb. 1856, 13 Nov. 1863, 29 Sept. 1865, 26 Apr. 1867, and 25 Feb. 1870.
Sources: STRL1908, TN, TRRI I

von der OSTEN-SACKEN-TETTENBORN (ОСТЕН-САКЕН-ТЕТЕНБОРН) - Germany
Russia: (..) 1913 - authorisation for Baron Wilhelm (Vasilii Ludvigovich) von der Osten gennant Sacken to take name of his mother, née Alexandrine von Tettenborn.
Sources: TN, Geschichte des Geschlechtes von der Osten II, p. 255.

OSTERMANN (ОСТЕРМАН) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 30 Aug. 1721 for Heinrich Johann Friedrich von Ostermann. He was subsequently created a Count of the Russian Empire.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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P

von der PAHLEN (фон-дер-ПАЛЕН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 8/18 Sept. 1679 for Johan Anders, Gustav Christian, Otto Magnus, and Carl Detlof von der Pahlen as Barons von Austrau. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855, 18 Mar. 1864, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 23 Apr. 1877, 22 Dec. 1880, 16 Feb. 1881, and 3 June 1891.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

PALMÉN (ПАЛЬМЕН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 2/14 Apr. 1883 for Johan Filip Palmén; registered 13 Mar. 1884 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 55.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

PASKHIN (ПАСХИН) - Russia
Descended from the noble family of Tutolmin. Austrian Empire: 17/29 Apr. 1839 for Aleksei Andreevich Paskhin. Russia: (IU) 18 June 1843 for the same. Russia: (DS) 17 July 1850 - the same admitted to the hereditary nobility with the right to bear the title of baron; confirmations*: 12 Sept. 1861. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von PFEILITZER gennant FRANCK (фон-ФЕЙЛИЦЕР-ФРАНК) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1823. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 22 Nov. 1854, 3 Oct. 1855, and 23 Oct. 1856.
Sources: GHdA 69, STRL, TN, TRRI I

PILLAR von PILCHAU (ПИЛЛАР-фон-ПИЛЬХАУ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Esthonia, 10 June 1746. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1830. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 28 Nov. 1855, 14 May and 18 June 1856, and 11 Nov. 1874.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

POSPIELOV (ПОСПЕЛОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 22 July 1728 for Vasilii Petrovich Pospielov. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von PRITTWITZ und GAFFRON (ПРИТВИЦ) - Germany
Russia: (IU) 23 Feb. 1894 for Nikolaus and Karl von Prittwitz und Gaffron. Russia: (IU) 26 Mar. 1897 for Alexander von Prittwitz und Gaffron. In the index to TRRI, they are described as Prussian barons.
Sources: STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I

PUSZET de PUGET (ПУШЕТ-де-ПЮЖЕ) - France
According to TN: formerly barons de Puget de la Marche et Saint-Alban in France from 1296. According to AB: barons de Saint-Alban du Puget de Theoniers. Kingdom of Poland: 1721 for Jacques Benoît Joseph du Puget (Puszet), who was naturalised in 1726; confirmations: 1826 and 1829 for Barons Jan and Antoni Puszet. Russia: (IC) 4 July 1861 for Leon and Konstanty Puszet de Puget.
Sources: AB, STRL, TN, TRRI I

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R


 

von RAHDEN (фон-РАДЕН) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1836. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 8 May and 5 June 1863, and 11 May 1881.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

RALL (РАЛЬ) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 14 July 1800 for Alexander Franz Rall; confrimations: 25 Sept. 1830 and 23 July 1857.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

RAMSAY (РАМЗАЙ) - Scotland
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 26 Aug./7 Sept. 1856 for Anders Edvard (Eduard Andreevich) Ramsay; registered 27 Oct./8 Nov. 1857 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 40.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

RASTAWIECKI (РАСТАВЕЦКИЙ) - Poland
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria: 2/13 Dec. 1781 for Andrzej Rastawiecki. Poland: 1817-1824 for Ludwik Miko³aj. Russia*: (IC) 5 July 1844.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

RAUSCH von TRAUBENBERG (РАУШ-фон-ТРАУБЕНБЕРГ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 15 June 1462 for Lukas Rausch. Addition of the name "von Traubenberg," 22 Dec. 1539. Holy Roman Empire: 9/19 Sept. 1660 for Christophor Rausch von Traubenberg. [None of the preceding titles appear in SGDR - the only citation is for a Johann Martin, who had his nobility recognised 12 Apr. 1755] Russia: (IU) 17 Apr. 1874 for Aleksandr Aleksandrovich von Traubenberg with the name of Rausch von Traubenberg. Russia: (IO) 9 Jan. and 18 Sept. 1875 for Konstantin and Mikhail Apollonovich, the nobleman Leonid Oskarovich and the widow Maria von Traubenberg, as well as the daughters of Aleksandr Apollonovich with the name of Rausch von Traubenberg. [The preceding do not figure in STRL.] Russia (IU) 13 Mar. 1902 for Paul, Ivan, and Vladimir von Traubenberg with the name of Rausch von Traubenberg.
Sources: STLR 1908, TN, TRRI I

von der RECKE (фон-дер-РЕККЕ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1797. Russia: (DS) 10 Aug. 1860, 4 Oct. 1861, and 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

REHBINDER (РЕБИНДЕР) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 2/12 Feb. 1680 for Henrik Rehbinder. Grand Duchy of Finland: 5/17 Sept. 1818 - his descendants registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 3.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

REISKY von DUBENITZ (РЕЙСКИЙ-ДУБЕНИЦ) - Bohemia
Kingdom of Bohemia: 24 Sept./4 Oct. 1723 for Johann Stephan Reisky von Dubenitz. Poland: 24 May 1824 for Franciszek Ksawery. Russia: (IC) 12 Nov. 1857 for Józef Eckmühl Konstanty, Ciesz³aw Antoni Ignacy, and Wac³aw Karol Artur Reisky von Dubenitz, sons of the preceding.
In Polish: Rayski, Reyski de Dubnitz
Sources: AB, GHdA 31, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von RICHTER (фон-РИХТЕР) - Germany
Ennobled in Poland, 19 July 1569. Russia*: (IU) 13 Mar. 1908 for Otto Dmitrii Karl Peter von Richter and his son.
Sources: TN, TRRI I / II

ROGOVIKOV (РОГОВИКОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 14 July 1800 for Nikolai Semenovich Rogovikov. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

ROKASSOWSKIJ (РОКАСОВСКИЙ) - Russia
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 30 Dec. 1854/11 Jan. 1855 for Platon Ivanovich Rokasovskii; registered 14/26 Aug. 1855 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 37.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

von RÖNNE (фон-РЕННЕ) I- Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Poland: 1732 for Karl Ewald von Rönne. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1797. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 25 Oct. 1854, 7 Mar. and 18 Apr. 1855, 2 May 1857, 18 Dec. 1862, 25 Sept. 1863, and 29 Nov. 1867.
Variations: Roenne, Рённе
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I / II

von RÖNNE II - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Prussia: 18 Feb./1 Mar. 1799 for Feliks Rönne. Russia*: 8 Nov. 1857
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von der ROPP (фон-дер-РОПП) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1824. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 15 Mar. 1854, 24 Oct. 1855, 8 Oct. 1856, 16 Dec. 1859, 13 Aug. 1864, 14 Feb. and 15 May 1868.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ROSEN (фон-РОЗЕН) I - Baltic Provinces
Houses of Groß- and Klein-Roop, Hochrosen, and Schönangern. Holy Roman Empire: 11/21 Mar. 1693 for Georg Gustav von Rosen. [This title does not appear in SGDR.] Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 17 Sept. 1856, 25 June and 31 Oct. 1857, 27 Feb. 1858, 18 Jan. and 15 Nov. 1867, 3 May 1877, 7 Sept. 1887, 17 Apr. 1889, and 17 Dec. 1890.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ROSEN II - Germany
Houses of Weinjerven and Kardina. Holy Roman Empire: 10/22 Mar. 1802 for Andreas Ludwig von Rosen. Russia: (IP) 28 Mar. 1804 for the same. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855; confirmations*: 4 Jan. 1867 and 26 Nov. 1879.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ROSENBERG (фон-РОЗЕНБЕРГ) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Gustav von Rosenberg is qualified with the title of baron in an IU of 9 Aug. 1817. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 7 May. 1857.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ROSENKAMPF (РОЗЕНКАМПФ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 13/25 July 1817 for Gustav Adolf von Rosenkampf and his nephew, Carl; registered 5/17 Sept. 1818 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 27.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von ROTHKIRCH (фон-РОТКИРХ) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 2/14 Aug. 1830 for Carl Fredrik von Rothkirch; registered 8/20 July 1832 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 32. Extinct.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

RUTHERFORD (РУТЕРФУРД) - England
Russian Empire: (IU) 6 Feb. 1777 for Robert Rutherford, Russian agent in Leghorn and Tuscany.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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S

SACKLEEN (САКЛЕЕН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 12/24 Apr. 1859 for Lars Sacklén as Baron Sackleen; registered 10/22 Sept. 1859 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 41.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

von SALZA (фон-ЗАЛЬЦА) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 20 Feb./3 Mar. 1755 for Jacob Ludvig von Salza. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

SARACHAGOV (САРАЧАГОВ) - Spain
According to "La Casa Urrutia de Avellaneda, y familias enlazadas españolas y americanas," Alejo de Saráchaga (whose mother was born Princess Lobanova-Rostovskaia) was granted the title of baron by the Emperor Alexander III [sic], 19 Jan. 1862. No other source for this title has yet been found.
Sources: see above

von SASS (фон-ЗАСС) - Baltic Provinces
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1815. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 27 Oct. 1865.
Variations: Saß
Sources: GHdA 118, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von SCHILLING (фон-ШИЛИНГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1818. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853, 5 Sept. 1855, and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 5 Mar. 14 and 21 May and 9 July 1856, and 7 Dec. 1866.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von SCHLIPPINBACH (фон-ШЛИППЕНБАХ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 20 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1796. Russia: (DS) 23 Jan. 1857 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 18 Aug. 1869.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

SCHOEPPINGK see HAMME gennant von SCHOEPPINGK

SCHOULTZ von ASCHERADEN (ШУЛЬЦ-фон-АШЕРАДЕН) - Lithuania
Kingdom of Sweden: 8/18 Apr. 1674 for Martin von Schoultz with the name Schoultz von Ascheraden. Captain von Schoultz is qualified with the title of baron in LP of 12 Oct. 1791. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854 and 5 Sept. 1855; confirmations*: 25 Oct. 1854 and 11 Apr. 1855.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

af SCHULTÉN (аф-ШУЛЬТЕН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 12/24 Apr. 1859 for Otto Reinhold af Schultén; registered 2/14 Dec. 1859 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 43.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von SEDDELER (ЗЕДДЕЛЕР) - Germany
Archduchy of Austria: 5/18 Nov. 1782 for Emmanuel Johann Nepomuk Seddeler. Russia*: (IC) 2 Dec. 1845.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von SEEFELD (фон-ЗЕЕФЕЛЬД) - Baltic Provinces
Johann von Seefeldt is qualified with the title of baron in an IO of 9 June 1833. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations: 9 Sept. 1864.
Sources: GHdA 39, STRL, TN, TRRI I

SERDOBIN (СЕРДОБИН) - Russia
Holy Roman Empire: 23 June/5 July 1802 for Aleksandr (I), Aleksandr (II), and Aleksei Nikolaevich Serdobin, and their sisters Ekaterina, Lukeria, and Sofia, natural children of Prince Aleksandr Borisovich Kurakin, with the name von Serdobin. Russia: (IU) 15 July 1802. Russia (barons of the Holy Roman Empire): (IU) 5 Oct. 1804 for the younger brothers and sister of the preceding, Pavel, Mikhail, and Anna; confirmations*: 25 Nov. 1847, 6 Sept. 1856, and 24 Apr. 1862.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

SHAFIROV (ШАФИРОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 30 May. 1710 for Petr Pavlovich Shafirov. Russian Empire: (IR) 15 Feb. 1723 - the same was deprived of his title. Russian Empire: (IO) .. Feb. 1726 - title restored to the same. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

von SIEVERS (фон-СИВЕРС) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 15/26 May 1745 for Karl von Sievers. [This title does not appear in SGDR.] Russia: (IP) 1745 for the same. See also Counts Sievers.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

SILFVERHIELM (СИЛЬВЕРГИЕЛЬМ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 19/30 Apr. 1719 for Göran Silfverhielm. Grand Duchy of Finland: 18/30 Apr. 1818 - Barons Carl Adam, Gustav Adolf, Göran Fredrik, and Erik were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 7.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

von SIMOLIN (фон-СИМОЛИН) - Finland
Carl Gustaw Simolin and his brother Johann were ennobled in the Holy Roman Empire with the name "Edler von Simolin," 19 June 1754. According to STRL: Kingdom of Poland: 22 Apr./3 May 1775 for Carl Gustaw von Simolin; 19 May 1776 for Carl Gustav von Simolin and his brother. According to GHKR, Carl Gustaw was simply naturalised in Poland 3 May 1775, the diploma of naturalisation summarising the 1754 diploma of the Holy Roman Empire. It seems that either in the Polish diploma or in the Russian tranlsation, to the original qualification of "Edle" (i.e. Noble) was added "or Baron" (not present in the original Viennese German text), the two concepts being readily equated at the time period in question. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 24 Apr. 1863, 14 Aug. and 6 Sept. 1867. A branch of the family that settled in Wurttemberg bore the name of Baron von Simolin-Bathory, and another that of Simolin-Wettberg.
Sources: GFT 1929, SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

SKARZYÑSKI (СКАРЖИНСКИЙ) - Poland
French Empire: 16 Mar. 1814 (mpr.) for Ambro¿y Skarzyñski. LP were never delivered. Poland: 24 May 1824 for the same. Prussia: 5 Mar. 1841 for the same.
Sources: AB, APE, GHKR, TRRI II

de SMETH (де-СМЕТ) - Netherlands
Russian Empire: (IU) 15 Mar. 1772 for the bankers Theodor and Raimond de Smeth.
Sources: Nederland's Adelsboek 1908, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von SOLDENHOFF (фон-СОЛЬДЕНГОФ) -
Holy Roman Empire: 1646 for NN. Ritter Solden von Soldenhoff. [This title does not appear in SGDR.] Poland: 24 May 1824 for Aleksander von Soldenhoff.
Sources: AB, TRRI II

SOLOV'EV (СОЛОВЬЕВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 1 Jan. 1727 for Dmitrii and Afanasii Alekseevich Solov'ev.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

SPRENGPTORTEN (СПРЕНГПОРТЕН) - Sweden
Russian Empire: (IU) 26 Nov. 1788 for Georg Magnus (Egor Maksimovich) Sprengtporten. He was subsequently created a count of the Grand Duchy of Finland.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von STAAL (фон-СТААЛЬ) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Livonia and Esthonia. Russia: (IU) 25 Apr. 1901 for Georg Friedrich Karl von Staal and his brother Karl Rudolf. Russia: (IU) 5 Feb. 1903 for Nikolaus Alexander and Otto Viktor von Staal.
Sources: STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I / II

von STACKELBERG (фон-ШТАКЕЛЬБЕРГ) I - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Sweden: 26 May/6 June 1714 (no. 127) for Carl Adam von Stackelberg. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854, 5 Sept. 1855, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865 and 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 11 Aug. 1844, 4 May and 14 Dec. 1866.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von STACKELBERG II - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Sweden: 31 May/11 June 1727 (no. 192) for Bernt Otto von Stackelberg. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854, 5 Sept. 1855, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865 and 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 29 Feb. 1856, 5 Nov. 1869, and 15 Sept. 1871.

von STACKELBERG (СТАКЕЛЬБЕРГ) III - Baltic Provinces
Kingdom of Sweden: 31 May/11 June 1727 (no. 192) for Bernt Otto von Stackelberg. Grand Ducy of Finland: 18 Jan. 1818 - Bernt Otto and Bernt Fredrik Ulrik von Stackelberg were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 10.

von STACKELBERG IV - Baltic Provinces
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1841. Russia: (DS) 26 Jan. 1853; confirmations: 21 Oct. 1864.

STAËL von HOLSTEIN (СТАЛЬ-фон-ГОЛЬШТЕЙН) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 28 June 1719 (no. 155) for Otto Vilhelm Staël von Holstein. Boris Staël von Holstein is qualified with the title of baron in a patent of 1830. Russia: (IC) 10 Feb. 1869; confirmations*: 6 May 1869, 25 Sept. and 16 Oct. 1878.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von STAMBKEN (фон-ШТАМБКЕН) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 23 Nov. 1726 for Andreas Ernst von Stambken, Holstein Ambassador to the Russian Court. Extinct.
Sources: TRRI II

STANDERTSKJÖLD (СТАНДЕРШЕЛЬД) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: 8/20 Nov. 1874 for Carl August (Karl Karlovich) Standertskjöld; registered 30 Apr./11 Feb. 1876 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 52.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

STANDERTSKJÖLD-NORDENSTAM (СТАНДЕРШЕЛЬД-НОРДЕНСТАМ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 15/27 May 1869 - authorisation for the son of the preceding, Herman Sigfrid to take the name, arms, and title of his cousin, Baron Johan Mauritz Nordenstam; registered 1869 in the Finnish Riddarhus, baron - no. 46 (the same as the Barons Nordenstam).
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von STEIGER (фон-ШТЕЙГЕР) - Switzerland
Kingdom of Prussia: 29 Nov./10 Dec. 1714 for Christoph von Steiger. Russia: (IC) 25 Jan. 1893 for Anatolii, Eduard, Nikolai, and Sergei Eduardovich von Steiger.
Sources: STRL 1894, TN, TRRI I

von STEINHEIL (фон-ШТЕЙНГЕЙЛЬ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 18/29 Oct. 1777 for the brothers Johann Wilhelm and Friedirch Jacob von Steinheil. Russia (barons of the Holy Roman Empire): (IC) 26 Sept. 1863. Russia: (IU) 26 Apr. 1895 for Wenceslaus von Steinheil.
Sources: SGDR, STRL / 1908, TN, TRRI I

von STEMPEL (фон-ШТЕМПЕЛЬ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 18 July 1634. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1817. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 18 Dec. 1856, 20 May 1861, 25 Sept. and 10 Dec. 1863, 18 Aug. 1869, and 1 Nov. 1876.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

STIEGLITZ (ШТИГЛИЦ) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 22 Aug. 1826 for Ludwig Stieglitz; confirmations: 19 Sept. 1850.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

STIERNCRANTZ (ШЕРНКРАНЦ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 30 Dec. 1719/10 Jan. 1720 for Per Stierncrantz. Grand Duchy of Finland: 25 Jan./6 Feb. 1818 - registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 8.
Sources: TRRI II

STJERNVALL (ШЕРНВАЛЬ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 1/13 Jan. 1875 for Knut Adolf Ludvig Stjernvall; registered 1889 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 59.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TRRI II

STJERNVALL-WALLEEN (ШЕРНВАЛЛЬ-ВАЛЛЕН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 27 Mar./8 Apr. 1854 - authorisation for Carl Knut Emil (Emilii Karlovich) Stjernvall to take the name, arms, and title of his step-father, Baron Carl Johan Walleen; registered 27 Mar./8 Apr. 1856 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 38 (the same as the Barons Walleen).
Sources: AFR, STRL, TRRI II

STOKOWSKI (СТОКОВСКИЙ) - Poland
French Empire: 8/20 June 1811 (mpr.) for Ignacy Fernynand Stokowski, "donataire (r. 4000) sur Rome (15 Mar. 1810)." Poland: 1822 and 24 May 1824 for the same.
Sources: APE, TRRI II

STROGONOV (СТРОГОНОВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 6 Mar. 1722 for Aleksandr, Nikolai, and Sergei Grigor'evich Strogonov; confirmations: 30 Sept. 1787, 24 Sept. 1799, and 12 May 1800. See also Counts Strogonov.
Variations: Stroganov
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von STROMBERG (фон-ШТРОМБЕРГ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1850. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 16 Aug. and 18 Oct. 1867.
Sources: GHdA 74, STRL, TN, TRRI I

STRÖMFELT (ШТРЕМФЕЛЬТ) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden; 14/24 Oct. 1696 for Harald Strömfelt. Kingdom of Sweden: 9/20 June 1713 for Johan Strömfelt. Kingdom of Sweden: 2/13 Jan. 1720 for Gustav Adolf Strömfelt. Russia (baron of the Kingdom of Sweden): (IU) 13 Mar. 1865 for Baron Clas Fredrik Strömfelt; confirmations*: 1 Nov. 1866.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I / II

STUART (СТУАРТ) - Scotland
Russia: (IU) 2 June 1893 for Dmitrii Fedorovich Stuart, whose father entered Russian service with said title; confirmations: 2 Dec. 1893. Russia: (IU) 16 Feb. 1894 for Aleksandr Fedorovich Stuart, brother of the preceding. It is interesting to note, however, that some Russian sources indicate these persons as belonging to the Swedish barons Stuart [Kingdom of Sweden: 20 Nov. 1703, no. 111], yet in Svenska Adelns Ättartavlor, this family is indicated as extinct in 1742!
Sources: STRL 1894 / 1908, TN, TRRI I

van SUCHTELEN (фан-СУХТЕЛЕН) - Netherland
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 6/18 Sept. 1812 for Jan Peter (Ivan Kornil'evich) van Suchtelen; registered 13/25 Feb. 1820 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 28. He was subsequently created a count of the Grand Duchy of Finland.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

SUTHERLAND (СУТЕРЛАНД) - England
Russian Empire: (IU) 7 June 1788 for Richard Sutherland, banker to the Court. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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T

TANDEFELT (ТАНДЕФЕЛЬТ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 6/18 July 1809 for Adolf Tandeflet; Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 6/18 June 1911 for his nephew Adolf Fredrik Tandefelt; registered 5/17 Sept. 1818 and 17/29 Nov. 1820 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 26.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI II

von TAUBE (фон-ТАУБЕ) I - Denmark
Kingdom of Poland: 30 Aug. 1572 for Johann von Taube. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von TAUBE II - Denmark
Holy Roman Empire: 9/19 June 1638 for the brothers Dietrich, Niclas, and Reinhard von Taube and their nephew Johann Georg. Russia*: (IC) 28 Dec. 1870; confirmations: 20 Jan., 3 and 17 Feb., 3 Mar, 12 May, 9 June and 1 Dec. 1871, 28 Mar. and 2 May 1873.

von TAUBE III - Denmark
Kingdom of Sweden: 4/14 Feb. 1652 for Bernt von Taube. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855. 7 Jan. 1857, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 21 June 1866.

von TIEPOLT (ТИПОЛЬТ) - Netherlands
Holy Roman Empire: 18/29 Nov. 1707 for Franz von Tiepolt. Russia: (IC) 15 May 1900 [STRL] 1901 [TRRI] for Appollon Nikolai von Tiepolt.
Sources: SGDR, STRL 1908, TN, TRRI I

von TIESENHAUSEN (фон-ТИЗЕНГАУЗЕН) - Baltic Provinces
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 2 Aug. 1631. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1827. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853, 4 Oct. 1854, 16 Jan. 1868, 28 Feb. 1862, and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations*: 21 Sept. 1853, 17 and 24 Jan. 1855, 22 Dec. 1859, 24 Apr., 19 and 27 Nov. 1863, 28 Feb. and 4 Dec. 1868, 18 Aug. 1869, 4 Mar. 1874 and 15 Mar. 1876.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von TOLL (ТОЛЬ) I - Netherlands
Austrian Empire: 12/24 Dec. 1814 for Karl (Fedorovich) von Toll with IP to accept said title. See Counts Toll.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von TOLL II - Netherlands
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Esthonia, 12 June 1746. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1824. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 14 May 1856 and 13 Mar. 1866.

von TORNAU (фон-ТОРНАУ) - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 21 July 1642. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1820. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 17 Jan. and 5 Sept. 1855.
Variations: Tornauw
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von TROIL (фон-ТРОЙЛЬ) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 6/18 July 1809 for Knut von Troil; registered 11/23 Jan. 1818 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 24.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von TROSKOW (ТРОСКОВ) - Germany
Austrian Empire: 19 Feb./3 Mar. 1894 for Prince Rudolf Hugo Maximilian von Thurn und Taxis. Russia: (IC) 23 Dec. 1907 for Johann (Ivan Rudolfovich) von Troskow.
Sources: TN, TRRI I / II

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U

von UEXKÜLL (фон-ИКСКИЛЬ) - Sweden
The members of this family have borne the title of baron since the time of the Empeor Charles V. Bernt Johan von Uexküll is qualified with the title of baron in a Senate ukase of 23 Feb. 1760 and an Imperial rescript of 20 Dec. 1807. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 30 June 1866.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von UEXKÜLL-GÜLDENDBAND (ИКСКИЛЬ-ГИЛЬДЕНБАНД) - Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden: 3/13 Aug. 1648 for Otto von Uexküll and his nephews, Reinhold Johan and Conrad von Uexküll. Karl Ivanovich von Uexküll-Güldenband is qualified with the title of baron in a ukase of 4 June 1794. Russia: (DS) 4 Oct. 1854, 5 Sept. 1855, and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868; confirmations: 19 Jan. 1872.
Variations: Uexküll-Gyldenbandt, Uexküll-Gyllendand
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von UNGERN-STERNBERG (УНГЕРН-ШТЕРНБЕРГ) - Baltic Provinces
Holy Roman Empire: 7 Feb. 1534 for Georg von Ungern-Sternberg with the name of Baron Ungern-Sternberg von Pürkel. [This title does not appear in SGDR.] Sweden: 17/27 Oct. 1653 for Woldemar (of Pürkel), Otto (of Linden) and Reinhold (of Kidepe). Russia: (DS) 25 July and 5 Sept. 1855, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 11 Oct. 1855, 14 May 1856, 18 Aug. and 21 Dec. 1866, 3 July, 14 Aug. and 18 Oct. 1867, 13 Mar. and 1 May 1868.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

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W

WALLEEN (ВАЛЛЕН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: 27 Mar./5 Apr. 1854 for Carl Johan Walleen; registered 27 Mar./8 Apr. 1856 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 38. See also Stjernvall-Walleen.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

WEISSMANN von WEISSENSTEIN (ВЕЙСМАН-фон-ВЕЙСЕНШТЕЙН) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 26 Jan. 1772 for Otto Adolf, Gustav Emmanuel, and Franz Gotthard von Weissmann. Extinct.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

WERMAN see WÖHRMANN

von WETTBERG (фон-ВЕТБЕРГ) - Baltic Provinces
Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1827. Russia: (DS) 28 Feb. 1862.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von WILLEBRAND (фон-ВИЛЛЕБРАНД) I - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 27 July/8 Aug. 1806 for Ernst Gustav von Willebrand. Grand Duchy of Finland: 11/22 Jan. 1818 - Gustav Henrik was registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 23.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von WILLEBRAND II - Germany
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 2/14 Aug. 1830 for Adolf Fredrik von Willebrand; registered 13/25 Oct. 1832 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 33.

von WILLEBRAND III - Germany
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 23 Mar./4 Apr. 1889 for Knut Felix von Willebrand; registered 1890 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 60.

WILSON-WALDGON de EASTBOURNE (ВИЛЬСОН-ВАЛЬДГОН де ИСТБЕРН) - Ireland
County of Leiningen: 1805 for Severin Wilson-Waldgon of Eastbourne. Poland: 1821 for the same. Extinct in the person of his son, Nepomucen.
Note: TRRI has Waldgon of Wilson-Eastbourne
Sources: NAB, TRRI II, communication of Rafal T. Prinke

von WINTZINGERODE (ВИНЦИНГЕРОДЕ) - Germany
According to RoRK, the family was elevated to the dignity of baron of the Holy Roman Empire in the 15th century. The various other sources consulted, including SGDR, do not mention this title; however, the brothers Karl (in the service of Prussia) and Wilhelm (in the service of Hesse) von Wintzingerode were confirmed in (rather than granted) the title of baron by King Jerome of Westphalia, 10 July 1813. The Hessian Baron Ferdinand Friedrich (Ferdinand Fedorovich) von Wintzingerode (1770-1818) entered Russian service in 1797, according to RoRK became a Russian citizen, and was a general of the cavalry during the Napoleonic wars. It does not seem that this title was ever formally recognised in Russia, although the family appears in RoRK along with the other foreign baronial families who did have their titles recognised.
Sources: GFT 1920, RoRK III, TNE

von WÖHRMANN (ВЕРМАН) - Germany
Grand Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha: 27 June/9 July 1859 for Johann Wöhrmann, merchant of the 1st guild. Russia: (IU) 21 Aug. 1860 for the same. Note: GFT 1929 cites Christian Heinrich Wöhrmann, who was granted the title of baron by the Grand Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 8 Oct. 1852 as baron von Wöhrmann; confirmed in the Kingdom of Saxony, 28 Jan. 1853. His son, Christian Heinrich, married in 1875 Aleksandra Vasil'evna Zhukovskaia, who by the Grand Duke Aleksei Aleksandrovich, had a son who later received the title of Count Belevskoi.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von WOLFF (фон-ВОЛЬФ) - Germany
Holy Roman Empire: 11/22 Sept. 1747 [SGDR] [STRL mistakenly has 18/29 Sept. 1774] for Sigismund Adam von Wolff and his sons Sigmund Adam, Johann Gottlieb, Carl, Friedrich, and Jacob. Russia: 15 Jan. 1857; confirmations*: 24 Feb. 1858 and 21 Jan. 1859.
Sources: GHdA 7, SGDR, STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

von WRANGELL (фон-ВРАНГЕЛЬ) I - Baltic Provinces
Houses of Ellistfer and Ludenhof. Kingdom of Sweden: 28 Sept./8 Oct. 1653 for Herman von Wrangell. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. and 31 Oct. 1855, and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations: 11 Oct. 1855 and 14 Dec. 1866.
Sources: GHdA 80, STRL, TN, TRRI I

von WRANGELL II - Baltic Provinces
Houses of Addinal and Lagena. Kingdom of Sweden: 18/28 Oct. 1680 for Reinhold von Wrangell. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations: 13 Feb. 1856, 14 Dec. 1866, 18 Jan. 1867, 11 Sept. and 9 Oct. 1868, and 17 Sept. 1884.

von WRANGELL III - Baltic Provinces
Houses of Itfer and Tolx. Carl Mikael von Wrangell is qualified with the title of baron in the LP conferring on him an order of knighthood, 1831. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865.

von WREDE (фон-ВРЕДЕ) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 8/18 Aug. 1653 for Casper Wrede as baron Wrede af Elmiä. Note: Both STRL and TRRI indicated that the persons confirmed in Russia descend from the preceding, however, according to AFR, the descendants of Casper Wrede became extint on 3 June 1725! Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations: 7 Dec. 1866.
Sources: AFR, STRL, TN, TRRI II

WREDE af ELIMÄ (ВРЕДЕ-аф-ЭЛИМЕ) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 8/18 Aug. 1653 for Carl Henrik Wrede as Baron Wrede af Elimä. Grand Duchy of Finland: 5/17 Sept. 1818 - Barons Gustav, Carl Henrik, Fabian Gottlieb, and Otto Rabbe were registered in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 2.

WREWSKY see VREVSKII

von WYNEKEN (ВИНЕКЕН) - Austria
Austrian Empire: 5/17 Feb. 1874 for Georg, Ritter von Wyneken. Russia: (IC) 11 June 1891 for Johann Peter Alexander, Georg Leon Max, and Maria Luise von Wyneken.
Variations: Wynecken
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

WYSZYÑSKI (ВЫШИНСКИЙ) - Poland
Kingom of Galicia and Lodomeria: 24 May/4 June 1782 for Andrzej Wyszyñski. Poland: 1817-1824 for Józef and Tomasz Wyszyñski. Russia: 5 July 1844 and 5 June 1852.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I / II

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V

VASIL'EV (ВАСИЛЬЕВ) - Russia
Russian Empire: (IU) 5 Apr. 1797 for Aleksei Ivanovich Vasil'ev. See also Counts Vasil'ev.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

VELHO (ВЕЛЬО) - Portugal
Russian Empire: (IU) 14 July 1800 for Jose (Iosif Petrovich) Velho; confirmations: 4 Jan. 1849.
Variations: Велио, Вельго
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

von VIETINGHOFF (фон-ФИТИНГОФ) - Germany
Kingdom of Sweden: 10/21 Dec. 1719 for Erik von Vietinghoff. Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Esthonia, 12 June 1746. Karl von Vietinghoff is qualified with the title of baron in the LP conferring on him an order of knighthood, 1818. Russia: (DS) 5 Sept. 1855 and (IC) 20 Dec. 1865; confirmations*: 19 Nov. 1869, 10 Mar. 1872, 8 Apr. 1874, and 10 Sept. 1879.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I / II

VIETINGHOFF von RIESCH (ФИТИНГОФ-фон-РИШ) - Germany
Russia: (IO) 5 Mar. 1887 - authorisation for Baron Arnold von Vietinghoff, heir of the Saxon Counts von Reisch, to take this name.
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

von VIETINGHOFF gennant SCHEEL (фон-ФИТИНГОФ-ШЕЛЬ) I - Germany
Inscribed in the registers of the nobility of Curland, 17 Oct. 1620. Adam Christoph Johann von Vietinghoff gennant Scheel is qualified with the title of baron in the LP conferring on him an order of knighthood, 1818. Russia: (DS) 10 June 1853 and 28 Feb. 1862; confirmations*: 11 Oct. and 21 Dec. 1854, 28 Feb. and 4 Oct. 1855, 7 June 1859, 13 Nov. 1863, and 18 Mar. 1864.
Sources: STRL / 1908, TN, TRRI I

von VIETINGHOFF gennant SCHEEL II - Germany
This branch of the family belonged to the old nobility of Livonia. Members of this family are qualified with the title of baron in official acts since 1812. Russia: 4 Oct. 1854 and (IC) 22 Jan. 1868. Russia: (DS) 25 Oct. 1854, 18 Apr. 1855, 21 Jan. 1864, and 13 Mar. 1868.
Sources: STRL / 1908, TN, TRRI I

von VIETINGHOFF gennant SCHEEL III - Germany
Russia: (IC) 26 Jan. 1898 for the hereditary nobleman Johann Richard von Vietinghoff gennant Scheel and his son Arthur Heinrich.

VÖLCKERSAHM see FOELKERSAHM

VREVSKII (ВРЕВСКИЙ) I - Russia
Austrian Empire: 25 Feb./9 Mar. 1808 for Boris, Stepan, and Maria, natural children of Prince Boris Aleksandrovich Kurakin. Russia: (IP) 21 Apr. 1808. Russia (barons of the Austrian Empire): (IO) 14 May 1822 for the brothers of the preceding: Aleksandr, Pavel, and Ippolit; confirmations*: 14 Mar. 1846, 16 Jan. and 21 Sept. 1848, and 17 Oct. 1850.
In German: Wrewsky
Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I

VREVSKII II - Russia
Russia*: (IU) 5 July 1872 - authorisation for Pavel and Nikolai Ippolitovich Terskii to take the name and title of their guardian, Baron Ippolit Aleksandrovich Vrevskii. Russia*: (IU) 25 July 1876 - authorisation for the sister of the preceding, Maria Ippolitovna, to take the name and title of her guardian.

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Y

YRJÖ-KOSKINEN (ИРЬЙО-КОСКИНЕН) - Sweden
Grand Duchy of Finland: (IU) 16 June 1897 for Georg Zakarias Yrjö-Koskinen; registered 21 Jan. 1898 in the Finnish Riddarhus, barons - no. 62
Sources: AFR, TRRI II

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Z

ZACHERT (ЗАХЕРТ) - Germany
Russian Empire: (IU) 4/16 July 1870 for the nobleman Wilhelm Friedrich Fürchtegott (son of Christian Heinrich) Zachert. Extinct. [Note: it is odd that STRL uses both the old and new style date for a title "of the Russian Empire." This is usually only done for titles of the Grand Duchy of Finland or the Kingdom of Poland.] Sources: STRL, TN, TRRI I, WHGT

ZA£USKI (ЗАЛУССКИЙ) - Poland
French Empire: 16 Aug. 1813 (mpr.) for Count Józef Bonawentura Ignacy Za³uski, "donataire (r. 500) sur le Mont-de-Milan (15 Mar. 1810). LP were never delivered. Poland: 1817-1824 for the same. Extinct.
Sources: APE, TRRI II

ZEDDELER see SEDDELER

ZEUMERN / ZEYMERN see CEUMERN



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